Listen to the episode, or subscribe to the series, hereor via. In some states and relationship registers have been created, or arrangements for the recognition of domestic partnerships have been introduced. Endnote 1 However, there is still no Australian legislation to allow same-sex marriage or legal Homosexual statistics australia time of same-sex marriages performed overseas.
This article provides information about the characteristics of Australians who identify themselves in the Census of Population and Housing as living in the same household in a same-sex couple relationship. Information regarding the new relationship classification can be found within the Fact Sheet Counts of same-sex couples in the Censusand further information on same-sex couples can also be found in Reflecting a Nation: Same-sex Couple Families cat.
According to the Census, there were around 33, same-sex couples in Australia, with 17, male same-sex couples and 16, female same-sex couples. This pattern of more male than female same-sex couples has been consistent sincewhen data first became available, although the degree of difference has decreased in each Census.
Homosexual statistics australia time majority of same-sex couples described themselves on the Census form as de facto partners, there were 1, same-sex couples where one person was described as the husband or wife of the other.
In the 15 years between andthe number of same-sex couples more than tripled. The increasing number of people identified as being in a same-sex relationship may reflect growing social acceptance. There may also be increased awareness that data about Homosexual statistics australia time couples is made available from the Census, giving more reason for same-sex couples to be open about the nature of their relationship and willing to supply this information.
According to the ABS National Survey of Mental Health and Homosexual statistics australia time, homosexual people are less likely than heterosexual people to be living with a partner: People in same-sex couples tended to be younger than people in opposite-sex couples.
The median age of people in a same-sex couple was 40 years compared with 48 years for people in opposite-sex couples. While this pattern may reflect increasing social acceptance in decades, or a growing number of same-sex relationships amongst younger people, it could also reflect differences in reporting behaviour, with older same-sex couples possibly more reluctant to report on
Homosexual statistics australia time Census Form they are in
Homosexual statistics australia time same-sex relationship.
Endnote 2 As in previous Censuses, the age distribution of male and female same-sex partners in was similar, however female same-sex couples had a slightly younger age profile. Age differences between partners Same-sex tended to have a greater age gap between partners than opposite-sex relationships.
For female same-sex couples there was an average age gap between partners of 4. In opposite-sex relationships, the average age gap between the older and the younger partner was Homosexual statistics australia time. The Census counted 6, children living in same-sex couple families, up from 3, in Children in same-sex couple families make up only one in thousand of all children in couple families 0.
Children in same-sex couples may have been born into a previous opposite-sex relationship of one of the partners, or conceived with the help of reproductive Homosexual statistics australia time, adopted, or fostered in a same-sex relationship.
Same-sex couples were more likely to report they had no religion than opposite-sex couples. more information on the religion of people in same-sex couples, see Reflecting a Nation: Same-sex couple families cat.
In every five year age group, people in same-sex couples were more likely than those in opposite-sex couples to report having a Bachelor degree or above.
This trend was also evident for higher degrees. In line with their higher levels of education, people in same-sex couples were more likely than Homosexual statistics australia time in Homosexual statistics australia time couples to work Homosexual statistics australia time highly skilled occupations such as or professionals.
For women in Homosexual statistics australia time couples, the most common occupation was registered nurse, with the next most common occupations being retail managers, sales assistants and secondary school teachers. For women, the difference was even greater: This in part reflects the greater likelihood of women in opposite-sex relationships to leave the workforce either temporarily or permanently to have children.
Consequently, same-sex couples were more likely to fall into the higher household income brackets. In opposite-sex couples, women tend to do more unpaid work than men. However, women in same-sex relationships still tended to do more unpaid domestic work than men in same-sex relationships.
About one in five men in opposite-sex relationships did no unpaid domestic work at all, compared with about one in eight men in same-sex relationships. Same-sex couples were more likely to live in large cities or towns than in rural and regional areas of Australia. This pattern was true for both male and female same-sex couples, but was particularly apparent for male couples.
In cities of 1 million or more people, male same-sex couples made up 0. In rural areas and towns with a population of less than 10, people, they made up less than 0. Female same-sex couples were also more likely to live in larger cities or towns, but the difference was not as pronounced as it was for male same-sex couples. Female same-sex couples made up about 0. Relative to the general population, New South Homosexual statistics australia time had a higher than average proportion of same-sex couples, particularly male couples 0.
The Northern Territory had particularly high rates of female same-sex couples 0. Both male and female same-sex couples tend to live in inner-city suburbs of the capital cities.
In fact, the top ten suburbs for male and female same-sex couples were all in inner Sydney. While male same-sex couples make up less than 0. Many of the suburbs with the highest proportions of same-sex couples were in the inner east of Sydney, which has historically been the social centre of Australia's gay community, particularly focussed around Homosexual statistics australia time western end of Oxford Street near Taylor Square in Darlinghurst.
Endnote 4 Inone in every ten men in Australia living in a same-sex relationship lived within two kilometres of Taylor Square. Female same-sex couples tended to be much more geographically dispersed and less concentrated than male same-sex couples.
These included Daylesford-Hepburn Springs in Victoria where female same-sex couples made up 4. While young people, particularly those in couple relationships, were more likely to be living somewhere different to where they lived five years ago, people in same-sex couples were more likely than people in opposite-sex relationships to have lived elsewhere five years ago, regardless of their age group. Counts of same-sex couples are available starting from the Census and ABS Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeingwhich collected data on sexual preference.
While information on same-sex Homosexual statistics australia time is collected in a number of ABS surveys, the relatively small sample size
Homosexual statistics australia time these collections means the amount of analysis is limited, therefore this article mostly uses data from the last Census conducted in couple refers to two people of the same sex who report a de facto or married partnership in the relationship question, and who are usually resident in the same household.
Opposite-sex couple refers to two people who report a registered marriage or in a Homosexual statistics australia time facto opposite-sex relationship, and who are usually resident in the same household. Under the Commonwealth Marriage Actlegal marriage must be between a man and a woman; and same-sex marriages performed overseas are not recognised as legal marriages in Australia. For the Census, people that reported on the Census Form that they Homosexual statistics australia time in a same-sex marriage were coded as de facto couples, in line with the Marriage Act.
However, for those same-sex couples that reported that they were married, a new classification was developed 'Relationship as reported' to retain the relationship of same-sex couples as they reported it on their Census Form, whether as husbands or wife or de facto partner. There were 1, same-sex couples where one person was described as the husband or wife of the other.
The reasons why people in Australia might report that they are the husband or wife of someone of the same sex cannot be known from Census data but may include having been married in a other than Australia; having Homosexual statistics australia time their relationship under state or territory law; having gone Homosexual statistics australia time a ceremony; simply regarding themselves as married; or considering that husband or wife is the term that best describes their relationship.
See the Fact Sheet Counts of same-sex couples in the Census for more information. This classification aligns closely to officially gazetted suburb
Homosexual statistics australia time locality boundaries particularly in urban areas. In the Homosexual statistics australia time, unpaid domestic work refers to the amount of time spent last Homosexual statistics australia time Homosexual statistics australia time unpaid domestic work for their household, including housework, food and drink preparation, cleaning, laundry, gardening, home maintenance and repairs, household shopping and management of finances.
The data is collected in a number of categories: In this article, where both partners in a couple reported that the amount of work they did was in the same category, it is considered that both partners did about the same amount of unpaid domestic work. Unless otherwise stated, the data in this article refers to people aged 15 years and Homosexual statistics australia time. For more detailed definitions please see Census Dictionary, cat. Ruting,
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Women in opposite-sex couples.